Publications on the Web


The publications listed below have been generated by research projects associated with the Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Toronto. If you cannot locate an item in this catalogue, it may be available in print.



Hypotheses, Conceptual Framework, and Methodology:

Homer-Dixon, Thomas. "On the Threshold: Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict." International Security, vol. 16, no. 2 (Fall 1991) pp. 76 -116.


Homer-Dixon, Thomas. "Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases." International Security, vol. 19, no. 1 (Summer 1994) pp. 5 - 40.


Homer-Dixon, Thomas. "The Ingenuity Gap: Can Poor Countries Adapt to Resource Scarcity?" Population and Development Review, 21, no. 3 (September 1995) pp. 1-26.


Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Strategies for Studying Causation in Complex Ecological-Political Systems. EPS, June 1995.



Project on Environment, Population and Security (EPS)

Thematic Reports:

Barbier, Edward and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Resource Scarcity, Institutional Adaptation, and Technical Innovation: Can Poor Countries Attain Endogenous Growth? EPS, May 1996.


Gizewski, Peter and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Urban Growth and Violence: Will the Future Resemble the Past? EPS, June 1995.


Case Studies:

Gizewski, Peter and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Pakistan. EPS, April 1996.


Howard, Philip and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Chiapas, Mexico. EPS, June 1995.


Kelly, Kimberley and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Gaza. EPS, June 1995.


Percival, Valerie and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of Rwanda. EPS, June 1995.


Percival, Valerie and Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of South Africa. EPS, June 1995.



Project on Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence

Barber, Charles V. Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence: The Case of Indonesia. May 1997.


Economy, Elizabeth. Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence: The Case of China.May 1997.


Homer-Dixon, Thomas and Percival, Valerie. Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence: The Case of Bihar, India. November 1997.


Mao Yu-shi, Ning Datong, Xia Guang, Wang Hongchang, Vaclav Smil. An assessment of the Economic Losses Resulting from Various Forms of Environmental Degradation in China. June 1997.


top of page



Other Links:

Project on Environmental Scarcities, State Capacity, and Civil Violence

Project on Environment, Population, and Security

Environmental Security Database


These pages were maintained by the Peace & Conflict Studies Program at the University of Toronto.